Presidents and Prime Ministers
Jan. 20, 2024, 7:09 a.m.
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Global Leaders: Presidents and Prime Ministers of the World

In the dynamic landscape of global governance systems, each country boasts a unique governmental structure. Notably, nations like China and Russia adhere to communism, setting them apart from others. Despite these divergences, a shared aspect across countries is the presence of a singular head of state, be it the Prime Minister or the President.
As of 2024, India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi continues to hold a prominent position on the Global Leader Approval list, outperforming counterparts such as US President Joe Biden. Conversely, President Ram NathKovind successfully concluded his five-year term on July 24, 2022, after a commendable service.
In the aftermath of the Presidential election, DroupadiMurmu has assumed the role of India's first tribal President. Noteworthy is the fact that President Ram NathKovind played a pivotal role during the challenging times of the COVID pandemic, particularly in 2020 and 2021 when the nation faced severe impacts. During this period, he directed cost-cutting measures at the RashtrapatiBhavan, urging efficient resource utilization. Additionally, he contributed one month's salary to the PM Cares Fund, exemplifying leadership and solidarity.
This article aims to provide an overview of the world's Presidents and Prime Ministers as of 2024, categorized by continent, offering insights into the diverse global political landscape. 
 


Presidents and Prime Ministers

AFRICA

Country President/Chairman/King Prime Minister/Acting Prime Minister
Zimbabwe Emmerson Mnangagwa -
Nigeria Bola Ahmed Tinubu -
Ethiopia Sahle-Work Zewde Abiy Ahmed
Democratic Republic of Congo Félix Tshisekedi Jean-Michel SamaLukonde
Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Mostafa Madbouly
South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa -
Zambia Hakainde Hichilema -
Senegal Macky Sall -
South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit -
Rwanda Paul Kagame -
Tanzania Samia Suluhu Hassan Kassim Majaliwa
Libya Isaias Afwerki Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh
Republic of the Congo Felix Tshisekedi Anatole Collinet Makosso
Liberia George Weah -
Central African Republic Faustin-Archange Touadéra Félis Moloua
Cameroon Paul Biya Joseph Ngute
Angola João Lourenço -
Ghana Nana Akufo-Addo -
Guinea (Interim President) Mamady Doumbouya Bernard Goumou
Benin Patrice Talon -
Tunisia Kaïs Saïed Ahmed Hachani
Burundi Évariste Ndayishimiye -
Sierra Leone Julius Maada Bio David Moinina Sengeh
Togo Faure Gnassingbé Victoire Tomegah Dogbété
Eswatini King Mswati III Russell Dlamini
Djibouti Ismail Omar Guelleh Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
Madagascar Andry Rajoelina Christian Ntsay
Seychelles Wavel Ramkalawan -
Mauritania Mohamed Ould Ghazouani Mohamed Ould Bilal
Chad (Interim President) Mahamat Déby Succès Masra
Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud Hamza Abdi Barre
Kenya William Ruto -
Uganda Yoweri Museveni Robinah Nabbanja
Algeria Abdelmadjid Tebboune Nadir Larbaoui
Sudan (Chairman) Abdel Fattah al-Burhan -
Morocco King Mohammed VI Aziz Akhannouch
Comoros Azali Assoumani -
Cape Verde José Maria Neves José Maria Neves
São Tomé and Príncipe Carlos Vila Nova Patrice Trovoada
Gambia Adama Barrow -
Botswana Mokgweetsi Masisi -
Gabon Brice Oligui Nguema Raymond Ndong Sima
Niger Mohamed Bazoum Ali Mahaman Lamine Zeine
Mali (Interim President) Assimi Goïta Choguel Kokalla Maïga
Burkina Faso Ibrahim Traoré Apollinaire J. Kyélem de Tambéla
Malawi Lazarus Chakwera -
Namibia Hage Geingob Saara Kuugongelwa
Lesotho King Letsie III Sam Matekane
Guinea-Bissau Umaro Sissoco Embaló Rui Duarte de Barros
Mauritius Pritivirajsing Roopun Pravind Jugnauth
Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Manuela Roka Botey
Mozambique Filipe Nyusi Filipe Jacinto Nyusi
Ivory Coast Alassane Ouattara Robert Beugré Mambé

Presidents and Prime Ministers

EUROPE

Country President/Chairman/King Prime Minister/Acting Prime Minister
Russia President: Vladimir Putin Prime Minister: Mikhail Mishustin
Ukraine President: Volodymyr Zelensky Prime Minister: Denys Shmyhal
France President: Emmanuel Macron Prime Minister: Gabriel Attal
Spain King: Felipe VI President of the Gov.: Pedro Sánchez
Sweden King: Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister: Ulf Kristersson
Norway King: Harald V Prime Minister: Jonas Gahr Støre
Germany President: Frank-Walter Steinmeier Federal Chancellor: Olaf Scholz
Finland President: Sauli Niinistö Prime Minister: Petteri Orpo
Poland President: Andrzej Duda Prime Minister: Donald Tusk
Italy President: Sergio Mattarella Prime Minister: Giorgia Meloni
United Kingdom King: Charles III Prime Minister: Rishi Sunak
Romania President: Klaus Iohannis Prime Minister: Marcel Ciolacu
Belarus President: Alexander Lukashenko Prime Minister: Roman Golovchenko
Kazakhstan President: Kassym-Jomart Tokayev -
Greece President: Katerina Sakellaropoulou Prime Minister: Kyriakos Mitsotakis
Bulgaria President: Rumen Radev Prime Minister: Nikolay Denkov
Iceland President: Guðni Th. Jóhannesson Prime Minister: Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Hungary President: Katalin Novák Prime Minister: Viktor Orbán
Portugal President: Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa Prime Minister: António Costa
Austria President: Alexander Van der Bellen Federal Chancellor: Karl Nehammer
Czech Republic President: Petr Fiala Prime Minister: Petr Fiala
Serbia President: Aleksandar Vučić Prime Minister: Ana Brnabić
Ireland President: Michael D. Higgins Taoiseach: Micheál Martin
Lithuania President: Gitanas Nausėda Prime Minister: Ingrida Šimonytė
Latvia President: Edgars Rinkēvičs Prime Minister: Evika Siliņa
Croatia President: Zoran Milanović Prime Minister: Andrej Plenković
Bosnia and Herzegovina President: Željko Komšić Chairman of the Council of Ministers: Borjana Krišto
Slovakia President: Zuzana Čaputová Prime Minister: Eduard Heger
Estonia President: Alar Karis Prime Minister: Kaja Kallas
Denmark Queen: Margrethe II Prime Minister: Mette Frederiksen
Switzerland President: Ignazio Cassis -
Netherlands King: Willem-Alexander Prime Minister: Mark Rutte
Moldova President: Maia Sandu Acting Prime Minister: Natalia Gavrilița
Belgium King: Philippe Prime Minister: Alexander De Croo
Armenia President: Vahagn Khachaturyan Prime Minister: Nikol Pashinyan
Albania President: Bajram Begaj Prime Minister: Edi Rama
North Macedonia President: Stevo Pendarovski President of the Gov.: Dimitar Kovačevski
Turkey President: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan -
Slovenia President: Nataša Pirc Musar Prime Minister: Robert Golob
Montenegro President: Jakov Milatović Prime Minister: Dritan Abazović
Kosovo President: Vjosa Osmani Prime Minister: Albin Kurti
Cyprus President: Nikos Christodoulides Prime Minister: Nikos Christodoulides
Luxembourg Grand Duke: Henri Prime Minister: Luc Frieden
Georgia President: Salome Zourabichvili Prime Minister: Irakli Garibashvili
Andorra Episcopal Co-Prince: Joan Enric Vives i Sicília, French Co-Prince: Emmanuel Macron Head of Gov.: Xavier Espot Zamora
Malta President: George Vella Prime Minister: Robert Abela
Liechtenstein Prince Regnant: Hans-Adam II Regent: Hereditary Prince Alois, Head of Gov.: Daniel Risch
San Marino Captains Regent: Alessandro Scarano and Adele Tonnini -
Monaco Sovereign Prince: Albert II Minister of State: Pierre Dartout
Vatican City Sovereign: Pope Francis President of the Governorate: Fernando Vérgez Alzaga L.C.

Presidents and Prime Ministers

ASIA

Country Head of State Head of Government
China President: Xi Jinping Premier of the State Council: Li Qiang
India President: Smt. Droupadi Murmu Prime Minister: Narendra Modi
Kazakhstan President: Kassym-Jomart Kemeluly Tokayev Prime Minister: Alikhan Smailov
Saudi Arabia King: Salman First Deputy Prime Minister: Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud
Iran Supreme Leader: Ali Khamenei President: Ebrahim Raisi
Mongolia President: Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh Prime Minister: Oyun-Erdene Luvsannamsrai
Indonesia President: Joko Widodo -
Pakistan President: Arif Alvi Prime Minister: Anwar ul Haq Kakar
Turkey President: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan -
Myanmar Chairman of the State Administration Council: Min Aung Hlaing Interim President: Myint Swe
Afghanistan President: Ashraf Ghani -
Yemen President: Rashad al-Alimi Prime Minister: Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed
Thailand King: Maha Vajiralongkorn Prime Minister: Srettha Thavisin
Turkmenistan President: Serdar Berdimuhamedow -
Uzbekistan President: Shavkat Mirziyoyev Prime Minister: Abdulla Nigmatovich Aripov
Iraq President: Abdul Latif Rashid Prime Minister: Mohammed Shia’ Al Sudani
Japan Emperor: Naruhito Prime Minister: Fumio Kishida
Vietnam General Secretary of the Communist Party: Nguyen Phu Trong President: Vo Van Thuong, Prime Minister: Phạm Minh Chính
Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong: Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah Prime Minister: Anwar Ibrahim
Oman Sultan and Prime Minister: Haitham bin Tariq -
Philippines President: Bongbong Marcos -
Laos General Secretary of the People’s Revolutionary Party: Thongloun Sisoulith President: Thongloun Sisoulith, Prime Minister: Sonexay Siphandone
Kyrgyzstan President: Sadyr Japaro Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers: Akylbek Zhaparov
Syria President: Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister: Hussein Arnous
Cambodia King: Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister: Hun Manet
Bangladesh President: Mohammed Shahabuddin Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina
Nepal President: Ram Chandra Paudel Prime Minister: Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Tajikistan President: Emomali Rahmon Prime Minister: Kokhir Rasulzoda
North Korea Supreme Leader: Kim Jong-un Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People’s Assembly: Choe Ryong-hae, Premier of the Cabinet: Kim Tok-hun
South Korea President: Yoon Suk-yeol Prime Minister: Han Duck-soo
Jordan King: Abdullah II Prime Minister: Bisher Khasawneh
United Arab Emirates President: Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister: Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Azerbaijan President: Ilham Aliyev Prime Minister: Ali Asadov
Georgia President: Salome Zourabichvili Prime Minister: Irakli Garibashvili
Sri Lanka President: Ranil Wickremesinghe Prime Minister: Dinesh Gunawardena
Egypt President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Prime Minister: Mostafa Madbouly
Bhutan King: Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Prime Minister: Lotay Tshering
Taiwan President: Tsai Ing-wen President of the Executive Yuan: Chen Chien-jen
Armenia President: Vahagn Khachaturyan Prime Minister: Nikol Pashinyan
Israel President: Isaac Herzog Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu
Kuwait Emir: Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister: Mohammad Sabah Al-Salem Al-Sabah
Qatar Emir: Sheikh Tamim ibn Hamad Al Thani Prime Minister: Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani
Lebanon President: Najib Mikati Acting President of the Council of Ministers: Najib Mikati
Cyprus President: Nikos Christodoulides -
Palestine President: Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister: Mohammad Shtayyeh
Brunei Sultan and Prime Minister: Hassanal Bolkiah -
Bahrain King: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister: Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa
Singapore President: Tharman Shanmugaratnam Prime Minister: Lee Hsien Loong
Maldives President: Mohamed Muizzu -

Presidents and Prime Ministers

SOUTH AMERICA

Country President/Chairman/King Prime Minister/Acting Prime Minister
Argentina President: Javier Milei -
Ecuador President: Guillermo Lasso -
Bolivia President: Luis Arce -
Paraguay President: Santiago Peña -
Peru Interim President: Dina Boluarte President of the Council of Ministers: Violeta Bermúdez
  President-elect: Pedro Castillo  
Uruguay President: Luis Lacalle Pou -
Guyana President: Irfaan Ali Prime Minister: Mark Phillips
Suriname President: Chan Santokhi -
Brazil President: Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva -
Colombia President: Gustavo Petro -
Venezuela President: Nicolás Maduro -
Chile President: Gabriel Boric Font -

Presidents and Prime Ministers

NORTH AMERICA

Country President/Chairman/King Prime Minister/Acting Prime Minister
United States President: Joe Biden -
Guatemala President: Alejandro Giammattei -
Cuba First Secretary of the Communist Party: Miguel Díaz-Canel President: Miguel Díaz-Canel, Prime Minister: Manuel Marrero Cruz
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines King Charles III Governor-General: Susan Dougan, Prime Minister: Ralph Gonsalves
Antigua and Barbuda King Charles III Governor-General: Rodney Williams, Prime Minister: Gaston Browne
Dominica President: Sylvanie Burton Prime Minister: Roosevelt Skerrit
Saint Kitts and Nevis King Charles III Governor-General: Marcella Liburd, Prime Minister: Dr. Terrance Drew
Panama President: Laurentino Cortizo -
Jamaica King Charles III Governor-General: Sir Patrick Allen, Prime Minister: Andrew Holness
Haiti President: Jovenel Moïse Acting Prime Minister: Ariel Henry
Dominican Republic President: Luis Abinader -
Honduras President: Xiomara Castro -
Nicaragua President: Daniel Ortega -
El Salvador President: Nayib Bukele -
Costa Rica President: Rodrigo Chaves Robles -
Mexico President: Andrés Manuel López Obrador -
Canada King Charles III Administrator: Richard Wagner, Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau
Grenada King Charles III Governor-General: Cécile La Grenade, Prime Minister: Dickon Mitchell
Trinidad and Tobago President: Christine Kangaloo Prime Minister: Keith Rowley
Belize King Charles III Governor-General: Froyla Tzalam, Prime Minister: Juan Briceño
Bahamas King Charles III Governor-General: Cynthia A. Pratt, Prime Minister: Philip Davis
Barbados King Charles III Governor-General: Dame Sandra Mason, Prime Minister: Mia Mottley
Saint Lucia King Charles III Governor-General: Errol Charles, Prime Minister: Philip J. Pierre

Presidents and Prime Ministers

AUSTRALIA

Country President/Chairman/King Prime Minister/Acting Prime Minister
Fiji President: Wiliame Katonivere Prime Minister: Sitiveni Rabuka
New Zealand King Charles III Governor-General: Dame Cindy Kiro, Prime Minister: Chris Hipkins
Micronesia President: Wesley Simina -
Australia King Charles III Governor-General: David Hurley, Prime Minister: Anthony Albanese
Solomon Islands King Charles III Governor-General: Sir David Vunagi, Prime Minister: Manasseh Sogavare
Papua New Guinea King Charles III Governor-General: Sir Bob Dadae, Prime Minister: James Marape

Note: We have endeavored to compile this list based on our best knowledge, referencing various websites and reliable sources. If you identify any inaccuracies in the list, kindly bring them to our attention at Sales@allaroundworlds.com. Rest assured, we are committed to updating this page promptly with any necessary corrections.

To Summarise In countries where the presidential system prevails, the roles of the head of state and head of government are consolidated. Conversely, in the parliamentary system, the President serves as the head of state, while the Prime Minister assumes the role of head of government. India operates under a Parliamentary form of government, where the President is both the head of the Indian state and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The President is indirectly elected by the directly elected members of the Parliament, as well as the legislative assemblies of the states and union territories of India. Ultimately, it is the President who bears the responsibility of safeguarding our Constitution.



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